Long Jump Take-Off Technique
Long Jump Project
The New South Wales Institute of Sport (NSWIS) provides a biomechanical support service to athletes preparing for international competition.
Lisa Bridgett (PhD student) worked with NSWIS on a project to examine the biomechanics of the take-off in elite long jumpers.
The Long Jump Take-Off Project
This project examined competition and training performances by selected elite male long jumpers in the season leading up to the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games.
Many jumps were recorded by high speed video, and the athlete's take-off variables were determined using an Ariel Performance Analysis System (APAS).
Selected variables were plotted as a function of run-up speed, and the observed relations compared to results from computer simulation models.
The graph below shows the strong dependence of jump distance on run-up speed.
Run-up speed is very important, but an athlete must make subtle changes to the take-off technique as his run-up speed increases.
To find out more about the long jump study, see:
Bridgett, L.A. and Linthorne, N.P. (2006).
Changes in long jump take-off technique with increasing run-up speed.
Journal of Sports Sciences, 24 (8), 889–897.