OR-Notes are a series of introductory notes on topics that fall under the broad heading of the field of operations research (OR). They were originally used by me in an introductory OR course I give at Imperial College. They are now available for use by any students and teachers interested in OR subject to the following conditions.
A full list of the topics available in OR-Notes can be found here.
Nova Ltd is considering whether to spend a further £30K to develop a new product. If the development program is successful two alternative sizes of plant are likely to be considered:
Plant Production capacity Capital cost Running cost (tonnes) (£K) (£K per year) Small 2,000 100 50 Large 5,000 200 100
The development program, which is thought to have a 70% chance of success, will take a year to complete. After completing that program it would take one year to build a small plant and two years to build a large plant. It is believed that one other major company in this field is developing a competing product and the marketing intelligence unit of Nova believe that there is a 25% chance that this company will have their product on the market 3 years from now, a 50% chance that they will have their product on the market 4 years from now and a 25% chance that it will take them 5 years to get their product onto the market.
The following estimates of Nova's possible selling price have been obtained from the marketing department:
Small Large Output (per year) 2,000 tonnes 5,000 tonnes Monopoly price £50 per tonne £30 per tonne Competitive price £30 per tonne £25 per tonne
where the monopoly price applies whilst Nova is without competition and the competitive price applies once the competitor company have their product on the market.